1911 Oldsmobile Autocrat "Yellow PerilSOLD

1911 Oldsmobile Autocrat "Yellow Peril"

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To be offered at auction at RM Sotheby's Hershey event, October 8-9, 2015. To view this car and others currently consigned to this auction, please visit the RM website at rmsothebys.com/.

Chassis No.
65877

Estimate:
$700,000 - $850,000 US

Est. 40 bhp, 500 cu. in. T-head inline four-cylinder engine, four-speed sliding-gear manual transmission, solid front axle with semi-elliptical leaf-spring suspension, full floating rear axle, and updated hydraulic rear brakes. Wheelbase: 124 in.


Greenway Albert's legendary Brass Era racing car
Known ownership history since new; kept by its original owner until 1968
Original mechanical components and period-built coachwork
A long-time active participant in cross-country tours
Massive, powerful, and unquestionably authentic

THE YELLOW PERIL AND HELLDORADO

John Henry Greenway Albert was the kind of man who, had he not been well-to-do, would have been considered an odd character of the American West, but he had money, so he was dubbed the high term of eccentric. It did not hurt that by most all accounts he was a gentleman and a scholar, as well as a man of considerable, insatiable curiosity and passions. Among his greatest loves were automobiles, and as Mr. Albert had come from a wealthy Maryland family and achieved success of his own as a mining engineer, he had the funds to afford most whatever he could afford. It says a lot about the depths of his pockets that in 1929, the year of the Great Depression, he purchased a brand-new Cadillac dual-cowl phaeton. He also had the time to found a celebration known as Helldorado in his adopted hometown of Tombstone, Arizona.

The majority of the automobiles that Greenway Albert purchased remained with him for the length of his life. Among these was this Oldsmobile Autocrat with its factory Tourabout bodywork, which he had purchased new in 1911. The Autocrat was the junior model of the famed Olds Limited, but it was not its junior by much, as the thumping T-head four was essentially a Limited engine but with two less cylinders, being capable of displacing 500 cubic inches, and the tires spanned 38 inches across.

Yet, Albert and his chauffeur, Columbus Ridge, went to work modifying the new car, stripping its coachwork and installing a boattailed aluminum body of the owner's own design, which would be lighter and afford better performance. To the same end, Albert put his engineering mind to work on an unusual gas generating system for the engine. In this system, the heat from the exhaust was used to make a producer gas, which, when added to hydrogen and free oxygen, produced a vapor that was drawn into the cylinders by a vacuum. The hydrogen kept the cylinders entirely free of carbon, allowing for durable, long-lasting performance.

Yellow Peril, as Albert dubbed his machine, was raced by its owner, with Ridge riding as mechanic, at events in Maryland, Delaware, and Washington, D.C., as well as on East Coast road races. Albert recounted later that the only race at which he had been beaten was in Washington on Labor Day, 1915, when the car skidded on a wet board track, went through a patch of honeysuckle, re-entered the track, and passed 17 cars in two laps before an engine fire forced it to the pits. He was a noted teller of tall-tales, and little actual records of period events survive to mention his name. But it is clear that he drove Yellow Peril and did so with abandon!

Unlike most racers, who retired or junked their mounts once the cars had outlived their competitive usefulness, Greenway Albert not only held on to Yellow Peril but also kept enthusiastically driving it. In 1929, he founded the aforementioned celebration in Tombstone, which was called, amusingly enough, Helldorado, and crowned a Helldorado Queen. Naturally, she rode through town in the Olds, which by this point had been fitted with a mother-in-law seat and an easily erected folding fabric top. The parade became an annual event and Yellow Peril an annual participant, being stored when not in use at a Tombstone garage and reconditioned each year by a local mechanic for the event.

In 1962, Albert restored the car over a two-week period, painting the body with new yellow and black enamel and fitting new tires. He continued to show it at local events until August 13, 1968, when a cerebral hemorrhage killed him, fittingly, at the wheel of an automobile, albeit a modern car and not this Oldsmobile. It was the only road accident in his long and accomplished life of fast driving.

MODERN HISTORY

Mrs. Albert relocated to Tucson following her husband's death and continued to maintain Yellow Peril there for four years before selling it to Thomas Hubbard, the well-known collector and restorer and a long-time friend of the Alberts. Thrilled to have acquired the car, Hubbard submitted an article regarding it to Antique Automobile, which was published in their March-April 1977 issue. This fascinating and invaluable read, a copy of which is included in the car's file, shows the vehicle as Mr. Hubbard acquired it. The original bodywork is still completely intact, including the latter-day road going modifications made by Mr. Albert, and it is as much today as it was when originally put on the car.

Mr. Hubbard eventually sold the Oldsmobile to Curtis Graf, of Texas, who performed a full restoration, replacing Albert's fuel-injection system and the modified engine cover in the process. Mr. Graf then proceeded to continue the tradition of competition with the car, participating in the Great American Race from 1984 to 1986, finishing in the top 10 in 1985. The car was then sold to Bill Lassiter, in whose highly regarded Florida collection, of what historian Dennis Adler aptly dubbed he-man cars, it remained until 1999, when it was purchased by the late Phil Bray and his wife, Carol, of Grosse Ile, Michigan.

As devoted enthusiasts and passionate tourers, the Brays drove Yellow Peril over 15,000 miles across North America, including in such events as the 2001 Trans-Continental Tour and the 2002 Red Rock Tour, a 3,000-mile trip through the Canadian Rockies. They completed a new restoration of the much-driven automobile in 2008, and at completion, the car was displayed at the Meadow Brook Concours d'Elegance, earning a Best in Class award.

The present owner, who acquired the car from the Brays several years ago, has continued to actively drive and tour with Yellow Peril, while also having the car properly maintained in his prominent private collection. After three restorations and many, many thousands of miles under its oversized wheels, it retains the vast majority of its original equipment, as well as its original engine, drivetrain, and much of the original bodywork, all as documented in Hubbard's article. Indeed, a 1915 photograph of the car in the article shows that the body appeared then much as it does today, albeit without the mother-in-law seat or road equipment fitted.

Ready for many more long-distance tours, in which it would certainly be a robust and thrilling participant, Yellow Peril is what it has always been: an authentic road-warrior, just as Greenway Albert would want it to be.

Reference Number 367921

as of 10/11/2015

Overview
Car 1911 Oldsmobile Autocrat "Yellow Peril
VIN 65877 
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