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Collectors Corner - Ferrari 342 America


Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0234AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Coupe s/n 0246AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

Ferrari 342 America PF Cabriolet s/n 0248AL

 

The 342 America was a derivation of the 340 series of models, and all models in the 340 and 342 America series carried chassis numbers in the even competition car sequence, even though the latter models were all clearly road cars. Production of the 340 series ran into 1952, when the 342 America model was phased in. Although the change in model reference number (which referred to the swept volume of a single cylinder) would appear to indicate an increase in engine capacity, it didn't. The engine was the Lampredi “long block” unit of the design used in the 275 Sport in 1950, but with a greater capacity of 4.1 litres.

... Ferrari 342 America Register >>>




The 340 America models destined for competition use were fitted with dry sump lubrication versions of the 4.1 litre V12 engine, with a bore and stroke of 80mm x 68mm, whereas those intended for road use had normal wet sump lubrication, coupled to a five speed gearbox driving through a rigid rear axle. The 342 America model featured the same bore and stroke with a wet sump, but was mated to a new four speed all synchromesh gearbox. The very last example of the series, chassis # 0248AL was actually fitted with a 4.5 litre engine, but still retained the 342 model reference. 

The 342 America was produced for a relatively short time during late 1952, with only six examples made, one with a Vignale cabriolet body, chassis # 0232AL, and the remainder with a fairly homogeneous Pinin Farina body in either coupe (three examples – chassis #s 0240AL, 0242AL & 0246AL) or cabriolet (two examples – chassis #s 0234AL & 0248AL) form. They were built on a 2650mm wheelbase tubular steel chassis, as opposed to the 2420mm wheelbase of the 340 America and also featured slightly wider front and rear track.

Production

Vignale Cabriolet

1

0232AL

Pinin Farina Cabriolet

2

0234AL, 0248AL

Pinin Farina Coupe

3

0240AL, 0242AL, 0246AL

Total

6

 

Technical Specification

Engine

60 deg V12, longitudinal, alloy block & cylinder heads

Timing Gear

2 valves per cylinder, single overhead camshaft per bank

Bore & Stroke

80 mm x 68 mm

Unitary Displacement

341.805 cc

Total Displacement

4101.66 cc

Compression Ratio

8.0 : 1

Maximum Power

200 bhp at 5000 rpm

Transmission

Dry single plate clutch, 4 speed + reverse gearbox

Chassis

Elliptical-section steel tubes

Front Suspension

Independent with transverse leaf spring and hydraulic shock absorbers

Rear Suspension

Rigid axle, semi-elliptic leaf springs and hydraulic shock absorbers

Wheelbase

2650 mm

Front Track

1325 mm

Rear Track

1320 mm

Kerb Weight

Approx. 900 kgs

Fuel Tank

140 litres


Keith Bluemel 
11/2007